Nissan Primera

1990-1992 of release

Repair and car operation



Nissan Primera
+ Nissan Primera brand Cars
- Current leaving and service
   - Schedule of routine maintenance
      Introduction
      Current leaving
      General information on control
      Check of levels of liquids
      Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them
      Replacement of impellent oil and oil filter
      Check of level of liquid of system of hydrostrengthening of a wheel
      Check of level of liquid of automatic transmission
      Rotation of wheels
      Check of a condition and replacement of hoses of an impellent compartment
      Condition check, adjustment of a tension and replacement of driving belts
      Check and adjustment of turns of idling of the engine and level WITH
      Check of a condition of the battery, care of it and charging
      Check and replacement of spark plugs
      Check and replacement of candle VV of wires, covers and distributor begunka
      Check of level of oil in a manual box of gear shifting
      Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
      Check and greasing of draft of a drive of a butterfly valve
      Replacement of an element of the air filter
      Check of fuel system
      Check of functioning of system of cooling
      Check of a condition of system of production of the fulfilled gases
      Check of a condition of components of a suspension bracket and steering
      Check of a condition of protective covers of power shafts
      Check of brake system
      Check of a condition and replacement of brushes of screen wipers
      Replacement of transmission liquid
      Plums, washing and filling of system of cooling
      Replacement of the fuel filter
      Replacement of transmission oil of manual transmission
+ Engine
+ cooling and heating Systems
+ the Power supply system and production of the fulfilled gases
+ System of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual transmission, differential and main transfer
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling and power shafts
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment
+ Appendices


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Check of a condition of tires and pressure in them

Weekly or through each 400 km of run (that will come earlier)

Regular check of a condition of tires will allow you to avoid the troubles connected with stops in a way because of the lowered: wheels. Besides, such checks give valuable information on possible problems with a steering and a suspension bracket before emergence in them serious damages.

Tires are equipped with the built-in strips of indication of wear of a protector which are bared at decrease in depth of a protector to 1.6 mm then tires are considered as the worn-out. This size represents minimum admissible depth of a protector; it is in most cases recommended to replace the tires, which depth of a protector of 2 mm and less. It is also possible to determine depth of a protector by the simple and inexpensive adaptation known under the name of a measuring instrument of depth of a protector.

For determination of wear of the tire use a measuring instrument of depth of a protector - they are on sale in shops of automobile accessories and at service stations, and stand very cheaply.

Pay attention to any unusual wear of protectors. Such defects of a protector as cavities, cambers, uploshcheniye and stronger wear on the one hand indicate violation of corners of installation of forward wheels and/or wheel balancing. At identification any of the listed defects it is necessary to address for adjustment in a shinomontazhny workshop.

Carefully check the tire on existence of cuts, punctures and got stuck nails or buttons. Sometimes after a tire protykaniye a nail it still some time hold pressure or lowers very slowly. At suspicion on existence such «a slow puncture» at first check tightness of a nipple of the gate of a rating. Then examine a protector on presence at it got stuck strangers of subjects or closed up before the punctures which have started over again to pass air. If there is a suspicion that there is a puncture, to make sure of its existence it is possible, having moistened a suspected site with soap water. In the presence of leak solution will start to bubble. If not too big, the tire it is usually possible to repair a puncture in any shinomontazhny workshop.

If there is a suspicion that there is «a slow puncture», at first check tightness of a nipple.
If the nipple is tight, поддомкратьте the car and spray soap solution on a protector, slowly turning a wheel - in a place of a puncture there will be small vials.

Carefully examine internal lateral surfaces of tires on existence of signs of leakage of brake liquid on them. If those are available, immediately check brake system.

Maintenance in tires of the correct pressure increases term of their service, helps to save fuel and improves the general quality of driving. The special manometer is necessary for check of pressure.

Always keep an exact manometer in the ware box. Indications of the manometers which have been built in nozzles of Air hoses at stations of service, often happen inexact.

Always check pressure on cold tires (i.e. to a trip on the car). If to check pressure on the warm or warmed-up tires, it will lead to overestimate of indications of a manometer because of thermal expansion of tires. In this case never it is necessary to lower pressure since after tire cooling it will appear lower than norm.

Screw together a protective cap from the gate of a rating acting from a disk of a wheel or from a cap of a nave, then densely press to the gate a manometer nozzle. Consider instrument readings and compare them with recommended in Specifications. Do not forget to establish into place a protective cap for hit prevention in the mechanism of a nipple of dirt and moisture. Check pressure in all four tires and if necessary pump up them to the recommended value of pressure.

To prolong service life of tires, check pressure in them not less often than once a week by means of an exact measuring instrument (do not forget about a spare wheel!).

Do not forget to support demanded pressure and in a spare wheel.

Examples of characteristic wear of protectors of tires

Lateral wear

Insufficient pressure (wear from both parties)

Insufficient pressure in the tire leads to its overheat at movement owing to an excessive deflection therefore the protector does not nestle sufficiently on a road surface. It leads to loss of coupling with the road and to excessive wear of a protector, not to mention danger of an exit of the tire out of operation as a result of an overheat.

Check and adjust pressure.

Wrong disorder of wheels (wear on the one hand)

Repair or replace suspension bracket details.

Too sharp turns

Reduce speed!

Central wear

Superfluous pressure

Superfluous pressure in the tire results in the accelerated wear of the central part of a protector, decrease in coupling with darling to more rigid movement and increase of danger of fatal damage of a slope. Check and adjust pressure. If you had to pump up tires for transportation of heavy cargoes to specified for this purpose in Specifications of value of pressure, do not forget after that to pit it upon transition to a normal mode of operation.

Non-uniform wear

Tires of forward wheels can non-uniformly wear out as a result of violation of adjustment of corners of installation of wheels. To check and adjust corners of installation it is possible for a moderate payment in the majority of shinomontazhny workshops.

Wrong disorder or выбег

Repair or replace suspension bracket details.

Defect of a suspension bracket

Repair or replace suspension bracket details.

Wheels are debalanced

Make balancing of wheels.

Convergence of forward wheels is incorrectly established

Adjust corners of installation of forward wheels.

The Obtrepannost of edges of a pattern of the protector, being a wear sign, best of all comes to light to the touch.